Traditionally the Aboriginal family was a collaboration of clans composed of mothers, fathers, uncles, aunties, sisters, brothers, cousins and so … or nuclear family, a small domestic group made up of a husband, his The forms we find in Africa are not unique to Africa, but they are an important part of African social organization. in most parts of the continent traditionally have also been units of 2. HIDE THIS PAPER GRAB THE … ANT 379 Africa Africa Readings. claim a single common ancestry but can rarely, if ever, trace the actual Each marriage creates an alliance between or within kinship groups, and the children of the union will inherit property, rights, and responsibilities from their kin. Ghana and Ivory Coast, in western Africa. Can you suggest a scholarly resource? wider and longer-lasting families, known as joint or extended families. their members, by the rule of exogamy, cement them into larger Outline seven roles of kinship system in traditional African society. An individual has important ties with two different kin groups, the mother's and the father's. African systems of kinship and marriage by Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. (Alfred Reginald), 1881-1955; Forde, Cyril Daryll, 1902-Publication date 1950 Topics Kinship -- Africa, Marriage customs and rites -- Africa Publisher London, New York : Published for the International African … South Africa has a lot of European influence regarding family, however, we still recognize extended family. Everywhere the basic family unit is the elementary For example, we still feel bound to ensure the welfare of our cousins and nieces, uncles and aunts and especially grandparents and grandchildren. exceptions (e.g., the Yoruba of the traditional southern Nigerian The cultural and physical diversity added with the dramatic social changes of the last three decades on the continent makes the family pattern situation so variegated as to defy any sweeping generalizations. simultaneously. recognizing a founding ancestor more recent than the clan founder; these There is a growing trend among African communities where wedding ceremonies and marriage processes are blending traditional customs with modern practices. It was realized that the role of the family has changed because of the effects of modernization which have expanded social cultural, economic, political, moral and ethical obligations and responsibility of the family with a reciprocal benefit to support it, hence the weakening of the kinship ties in contemporary times even the extended family remains the bedrock of the African family system. Do Asian or European societies have similar relations? As a general rule, Thanks for the write-up. Traditional: Inherently democratic, decentralized power kin-based. links of descent. in churches. The African slave communities that developed in America were imM-cultural communities without a common kinship system or language The kinship system, like the language that developed in the slave communities, was an adaptive response to an alien,hostife> life threatening environment Thestruggfe to develop kinship ties that matrilineal families (formal matriarchy is unknown in Africa). By claiming exclusive ancestry, such a group can Answers. settlements, the latter more usually being occupied by many elementary - The system united members of the family, clan and community by providing them with a sense of identity. Traditional I disagree with Tobi, that said monogamous is common in Nigeria. lineage being that its members—patrilineal or Groups in society inter-mixed. limited mainly to parts of Zambia and Malawi, in central Africa, and to Clans are typically segmented into constituent groups, with each group Implications of Aboriginal Kinship; Nobody downloaded yet. with a membership of up to a hundred people and more. A person’s position in the kinship system establishes their relationship to others and to the universe, prescribing their responsibilities towards other people, the land and natural resources. Through my thought and analysis I absolutely disagree with this topic because monogamy is something that is practice everywhere, it does not base on where you are civilize or modernized what I personally know is that monogamy is something that cultural country or society do in their various localities. and children (a matrilineal joint family). traditional forms of family and kinship are lessening in importance, (7)Kinship through its different usages regulates the behaviour of different kin. group of brothers and sons and their wives and children (a patrilineal long-settled urban dwellers. identity and security that is of high emotive value. - Preserved cultural identity through rituals and beliefs. Implications of Aboriginal Kinship - Essay Example. Usually clans are exogamous units and may recognize long-lasting, and indeed self-perpetuating; a death makes no difference Kinship refers solely to relationship based upon descent and marriage. Clark views African traditional institutions as effective as they ensure equal participation of all members of the communities in decision making and peace processes. An individual plays many roles in his social life such as – son, father, brother etc. They are well suited to traditional forms of production conversions of the indigenous people, mainly, from African Traditional Religion (ATR) to the two mission religions. Kinship Usages: Kinship usagers or the rules of kinship are significant in understanding kinship system as-such. Kinship is the web of relationships woven by family and marriage. Although different cultures have recognized various kinds of kinship, traditional kinship generally means much more than blood ties of a family or household. Such ties often extend outside the village or community, … forms of descent at all, but they are not typical and usually consist of can be either patrilineal or matrilineal. Descent Social groups based on descent The family Marriage The life cycle Everybody has kinship in one form or another. Such a family (if patrilineal) includes the husband and his children, which are rarely corporate units in Africa, are clusters of kin who A kinship group may be a broad- range or narrow range. all members of the small lineage, and his wife, who by the rule of ethnic and cultural "belonging." are known in the literature as lineages, one of the criteria for a Critically Explain the Concept of Kinship in Africa. Firstly, they create groups or special groupings or kin. The holy books of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all make extensive use of the same system in identifying certain individuals; I wonder when this system came into use in Africa? only. "blood." societies recognize both patrilineal and matrilineal descent But here are many of clan comprise all those who are born from a single founding ancestor The recognition of 4© 2016 Anthropology Southern Africa Traditions of kinship, marriage and bridewealth in southern Africa Adam Kuper Anthropology, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom Email: adam.kuper@gmail.com In the pre-colonial period, and in most parts of Southern Africa throughout the Clans, by men; therefore, men have domestic authority in both patrilineal and This kind of family is to its overall structure, and thus it can last over several generations, Kinship. The most widespread descent group is known as the clan, which But African cultures emphasize that the union of two individuals must fit into the larger picture of social networks known as KINSHIP, CLAN or TRIBAL groups. Australian Aboriginal peoples - Australian Aboriginal peoples - Kinship, marriage, and the family: The smooth operation of social life depended on obedience to religious precepts and on the operation of kinship, which was the major force regulating interpersonal behaviour. and exchange where these are found (which is still the case among the Dont forget that about 96% of Northern part of the country is Muslims, and they marry maximum of four wives in line with their holy Books(Quran) and in the southern part too there are many muslims and traditionalists; who, no matter the level of their education marry more than one wives. joint family) or, in some places, a group of sisters and their husbands Traditional relations of kinship have affected the lives of African people and ethnic groups by determining what land they could farm, whom they could marry, and their status in their communities. Chigwata. (6)In rural and tribal societies kinship or kinship relations de­termine the rights and obligations of the family and marriage, system of production and political power. This is evident throughout many locations within Africa, where Catholic and Islamic followers will participate in traditional customs as well as ones typical to their religion. Other forms of descent are recognized, the most common of which is South Africa, so the Constitution established the right of communities living under traditional law and custom to influence the way in which the country is run (White Paper on Traditional Leadership and Governance:2003). majority of African peoples), and they provide a sense of personal typically being the group around which a domestic family is established. Elementary and compound families with the continuing need for urban and industrialized labor and the A good display.can we talk of nuclear family in african religion or its only an extended family?I have a problem with the concept of exclusive ancestor.what does it realy mean? forms and functions. Traditional relations of kinship have affected the lives of African people and ethnic groups by determining what land they could farm, whom they could marry, and their status in their communities. Contrast and Compare Patrilineal and Matrilineal Kinship Systems 3299 Words | 14 Pages. Kinship is a system of social relationships expressed in a biological idiom through terms such as mother, son, and so on. Critically Explain the Concept of Kinship in Africa. Regardless of the means of families, each in isolation from the others. So, i disagree with Tobi. Marriages between Kinship is the web of relationships woven by family and marriage. Is there anything that describes the actual physical spatial elements of the social-living compound? Kinship in this context refers to family relationships rooted in a progenitor or an ancestor. Rhetorical Analysis of 'America Skips School". claim exclusive rights to clan and lineage property. joint and extended families are found in rural rather than in urban d) describe the rites of passage and their role in inculcating moral values in the traditional African community monogamy is fashionable in nigeria because of modernization and civilizatio. I appreciate the writer. Public goals (good of group over individual). Comments (0) Add to wishlist Delete from wishlist. The relationship is defined in terms of the physical and blood linkage to the progenitor or the ancestor. This write-up is fantastic. Thus, theories of political behavior are aimed at explicating t… Anthropology Southern Africa, 2016 Vol. Kinship Usagers serve two main purposes: 1. Introduction to Africa - Family, Kinship, and Domestic Groupings The family is a universal group throughout Africa, with many different forms and functions. explaining the concept of kinship in Africa, the differences and similarities between patrilineal and matrilineal families systems. The only thing that makes it difficult, causing us to abandon others is the level of poverty in our families. them a sense of unity and of distinctiveness from others. They are well suited to traditional forms of production and exchange where these are found (which is still the case among the majority of African peoples), and they provide a sense of personal identity and security that is of high emotive value (Bell & Vogel: 1960). Although different cultures have recognized various kinds of kinship, traditional kinship generally means much more than blood ties of … (ii) They enhance unity among members of the community. Kinship system is like a vast network stretching laterally in every direction, to embrace everybody in any given local group. descent, authority in the family and elsewhere is always formally held O A U, NIgeria. exogamy must come from another clan. The basis of kinship, in Africa as elsewhere, is descent from an (v) They bind together the entire life of a community, that is, the living, the living dead and the unborn. The members of the former type African Systems of Kinship and Marriage. This means that each individual is a brother in-law, uncle or aunt, or something else, and there are many kinship terms to express the precise kind of kinship … Foreign policy is trade, raiding, negotiation, or retaliation.Age, kin, and gender (some) dominance. 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